The Basics of Roulette

The Basics of Roulette

Roulette is a casino game that has been around since the 17th century and offers glamour, mystery, and excitement. It is a popular game played in casinos worldwide and it has many different betting options.


The object of the game is to place a bet on a single number or a range of numbers, based on where the ball lands on the wheel. The croupier throws a ball into the spinning wheel and watches as it bounces around and settles into a pocket marked with a specific number. When the ball lands on that number, the player wins the bet.

How It Works

The Roulette wheel is a solid wood disk that is slightly convex in shape and has metal partitions known as separators around its rim. Each compartment is numbered nonconsecutively from 1 to 36, with one or two green compartments on either side of the wheel marking 0 and 00, depending on the type of wheel.

Unlike the American roulette wheels that have red for the single zero and black for the double zero, European wheels have green for the zeroes. The color green was chosen to avoid confusion with other colors used in the game, such as red or black.

Inside Bets

Inside bets are a variety of bets that players can place on a range of pockets, or individual numbers on the wheel. These bets are generally more conservative and offer a lower payout than outside bets.

Street Bet/Three Number Bet/Side Bet: This bet is also known as a cheval in French and involves placing your chip(s) on a line between two numbers on the layout. The payout is 11-1 if the chips land on either of these numbers.

Split Bet: This bet involves placing your chip(s) on the border between two numbers, and if one of these chips hits it will pay you 17-1.

Line Bet: This bet involves placing your chip(s) along a horizontal line between two rows of numbers. The payout is 5-1 if the chips land on the first row of numbers, and 2-1 if the chips land on the second row of numbers.

Outside Bets: These bets are placed on a group of numbers or categories of numbers rather than specific ones. They are generally more conservative and offer a lower, though still profitable, payout than the inside bets.

The most common types of outside bets in Roulette are the High or Low bet, the Odd or Even bet, and the Dozens bet. These bets are even-money bets, and the house edge varies from 1.35 percent on European and 2.70 percent on American wheels.